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Everything You Need to Know About CBD Oil Benefits & Uses

What is CBD Oil?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid that naturally exists within the cannabis plant.

Over 100 different cannabinoids have been discovered and identified from cannabis plants, of which tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and CBD are the two most prominent and the first to be discovered from the same genus and species –– Cannabis Sativa (1,2).

CBD-oil-Molecular-Structure

THC is most famously known for its mind-altering effects, whereas, CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that will not get you high.

The majority of CBD products found on the market today are hemp-derived and contain no more than 0.3% of THC, which is not enough to cause a euphoric effect.

The most common way to consume Cannabidiol is through CBD oil. Due to the way it is processed, it is easy to access and it’s highly effective in relieving a number of ailments.

To understand how CBD oil affects our bodies, we must first understand how it is processed.

How is CBD Oil Processed?

When CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant, more specifically the hemp plant, it typically goes through a process known as CO2 extraction –– a temperature controlled extraction that pressurizes carbon dioxide (CO2) through the cannabis plant, which then removes the molecules of CBD, along with flavonoids, terpenes, and fatty acids.

This generates a full-spectrum product, meaning it utilizes the whole plant rather than just the stalks and seeds.

Though CBD can be extracted from just the stalks and seeds of hemp, utilizing the whole plant (full-spectrum) will promote the “entourage effect” –– where all compounds of the plant work together to promote a synergistic and beneficial effect within the body (3).

After the extraction process, the full-spectrum CBD molecules go through a filtering process known as decarboxylation. This process activates the molecules of CBD, which impact and affect the body when consumed (4).

As mentioned before, THC and CBD are the two most abundant cannabinoids naturally existing in the cannabis plant.

However, these cannabinoids are inactive, meaning they are in their acidic form –– THCA and CBDA. It is during the extraction and filtering process that these cannabinoids become active (5).

CBD-Leaf-Elements

CBD oil is typically combined with a carrier oil such as MCT oil, otherwise known as coconut oil. It is then placed in a dark tinted bottle to maintain its potency and is administered with a dropper.

The Endocannabinoid System

CBD oil, tinctures, and concentrates are designed to be administered sublingually, meaning “under the tongue”.

Sublingual intake allows the oil to be absorbed through the mucous membranes under the tongue and enter directly into the bloodstream without having to be metabolized through your digestive system or liver.

It is through this consumption method that CBD oil not only produces a longer lasting effect in the body, but it also interacts with our Endocannabinoid System within minutes (6).

Our Endocannabinoid System (ECS) is the most ubiquitous receptor system in our body. The ECS is a communication system of sorts that is naturally present within every single one of us.

Endocannabinoid-System

The Endocannabinoid System has an impact in regulating our mood, pain, reproduction, appetite, digestion, sleep, memory, immunity, and overall cellular health.

Now, the role our ECS plays is to maintain and communicate homeostasis (keeping everything as it should be) within and throughout our receptor cells (1,7,8).

Take an infant’s hanging mobile for example. When the mobile is hung up, all of the pieces are perfectly balanced, despite the length of the string or the shape of the hanging object.

When all of the pieces are perfectly in order, there is a homeostatic balance.

However, if you were to clip an extra item on to one of the existing hanging objects, it would throw everything off and cause the hanging object to be off balance and hang lower than the other hanging objects (9).

Our ECS is the hanging mobile and the hanging objects are our receptor cells.

We have two different receptors, CB1 and CB2, and these receptor cells are found throughout our body.

However, our CB1 receptor cells are predominantly found in our nervous system and our CB2 receptor cells are more abundant in our peripheral system –– the connection of the central nervous system to our organs, skin, limbs, cardiovascular system, lymph system, immune system, digestive system, and general function (7,8,10).

Changing or shifting anything within these receptors affects everything. And it’s during the shift that we begin to feel symptoms that inevitably cause us to feel sick, or out of balance.

Pharmaceutical drugs are often prescribed to treat these symptoms even though it could be beneficial to find and treat the source that threw things out of balance in the first place (9).

When CBD oil is consumed, it interacts with our ECS by influencing it to utilize more of its naturally occurring endocannabinoids, which our body naturally creates.

CBD Oil Benefits

Several studies have shown the promising beneficial value of CBD. And while research is still limited, there are a number of case studies and anecdotal reports showcasing the therapeutic effects CBD has in reducing inflammation, anxiety, seizures, pain, and more.

CBD Oil for Pain and Arthritis

In one study, rat models were induced with inflammatory joint pain (arthritis), reducing their ability to move with ease.

When CBD was administered, researchers noticed how quickly the cannabinoid receptors responded to the pain by reducing the inflammation (11).

Migraine-Pain

In another study, researchers discovered how quickly CBD can reduce joint swelling and pain when applied topically (12).

More recently, a study was conducted in which rat models were induced with osteoarthritis.

After receiving CBD, the rats improved greatly, showcasing the ability CBD has in blocking pain and inflammation from osteoarthritis (13).

CBD Oil for Epilepsy and Seizures

It has become increasingly clear that CBD contains powerful anti-inflammatory properties, along with antioxidants, but case studies and medical research have also witnessed the positive interactions CBD has on our neuro-receptors.

In fact, throughout the years, researchers have spent most of their focus on the causes and treatment of epilepsy and seizures, and have clearly noted how successful CBD is in helping patients who suffer with these ailments.

A study conducted by GW Pharmaceuticals consisted of three placebo-controlled, double-blind trials of participants diagnosed with Dravet and Lennox-Gastaut syndromes.

In just 14 weeks of the trials, researchers noticed a tremendous reduction of seizures in several of the participants.

It was through this study that the first plant-derived, synthetic-free cannabinoid-based drug, Epidiolex, was approved by the FDA. Epidiolex is a liquid prescription drug designed for oral consumption for the treatment of patients suffering from severe epilepsy and seizures, such as Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet syndromes (14).

However, there have been a number of case studies suggesting the powerful anti-seizure properties CBD contains for treating children throughout the years.

In 2011, two separate children were suffering from multiple seizures a day. Jayden David and Charlotte Figi were both diagnosed with Dravet Syndrome. Both children were prescribed a large number of medications to help reduce and maintain their seizures.

Though medication helped for a short time, their seizures became resistant to the medications, and they developed a number of side effects. Desperate, both Jayden and Charlotte's parents began researching alternative treatments and discovered CBD.

Jason David, Jayden’s father, stated, “The first day I gave [CBD] to him, was the first day that he didn’t have a seizure in his life.” Jayden had suffered from 200 seizures a day. Jason was told by doctors that his son wouldn’t live to see his 5th birthday.

However, with CBD, Jayden is now 12 years old and improving each day.

Charlotte Figi had a similar outcome. Once her parents began her on CBD treatment, they were stunned by the results. Paige Figi, Charlotte’s mother, said, “When she didn’t have those three, four seizures that first hour, that was the first sign.” 

Today, Charlotte is better than ever and living a more normal life (15,16).

CBD Oil for Anxiety, Cancer, and More

Other scientific and medical research studies have shown CBD to reduce symptoms in patients who suffer from SAD (Social Anxiety Disorder) and in SPS (Simulated Public Speaking) (17,18).

Studies have also shown that CBD induces apoptosis, suggesting it to be a potential and therapeutic anti-cancer agent for combatting leukemia (19).

Several studies have been conducted around the amazing therapeutic effects of CBD and how it has helped improve a number of health conditions, including:

  • IBS
  • Depression
  • Sleep
  • PTSD
  • Acne
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Schizophrenia
  • Nausea
  • And more

Studies are currently underway in learning the benefits of CBD in pets, specifically epilepsy, seizures, and pain management (20,21,22).

CBD Oil Uses

As mentioned earlier, CBD oil, tinctures, and concentrates are most commonly administered under the tongue. However, they can also be used in baking, on the skin, and in smoothies.

CBD skin care products such as topicals and salves are applied to the skin.

Because of CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties, many people suffering from muscle aches, arthritis, acne, TMJ (lockjaw), and skin disorders have reported relief and improvements after using these products.

Health-Benefits

Interestingly, one study reported that even though vitamin E and C improve our complexion, CBD has proven to be more effective in alleviating skin acne due to its neuroprotective antioxidants (23).

In addition to the products already mentioned, CBD is available in a number of different products such as gummies, sprays, capsules, vape pens, and even CBD isolate crystals.

CBD Oil for Sale

When you’re looking for a CBD oil product, it’s easy to be overwhelmed by the number of choices out there.

If you want the most effective CBD, there are several things to understand:

Full Spectrum vs. Broad Spectrum

Only full-spectrum CBD maintains the full plant profile, which includes all the cannabinoids that work together to produce the health-promoting “entourage effect” mentioned earlier.

However, full-spectrum also contains 0.3% THC whereas broad spectrum is filtered further to ensure no THC is in the product.

    Third-Party Testing

    When a company has their CBD products tested, it ensures that you’re consistently getting the amount of CBD that’s advertised on the label.

    It also reveals the terpene and flavonoid profiles, which contribute to the “entourage effect”.

    Organic Practices and USA Grown

    Make sure the plants your CBD is derived from are grown without the use of chemical pesticides, fertilizers, etc.

    Also, it is important to note that there are several regions in the US that are optimal for growing the cannabis plant — Colorado being one of the best.

      Nonnie’s Nectar offers CBD edibles, transdermals, and tinctures that meet all of the above criteria. Their products are rich in phytocannabinoids and offer high mg doses of CBD.

      Salve-application

      Their customers have reported relief from anxiety, aches and pains, skin irritation, insomnia, depression, migraines, and more.

      To try Nonnie's products for yourself, shop here.